BADAN KEAMANAN LAUT REPUBLIK INDONESIA
INDONESIA MARITIME INFORMATION CENTER (IMIC)
The Indo-Pacific is a maritime domain, dominated by the waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans that provides the important trade, energy and movement routes for different types of vessels in support of national, regional and international economy. In the heart of the region, lies Indonesia’s islands, big and small, connected by the straits and seas. These bodies of water not only connect one Indonesian island to another, but also connects the vast two oceans that frame the region, allowing the smooth flow of vessels with energy, goods, people and even warships and other activities in the maritime domain.
In short, the waters of Indonesia, from the Malacca Strait, Sunda Strait, North Natuna Sea to Makassar and Lombok Straits, to name a few, are very important to regional and global economy, energy and trade flow. Therefore, the security and safety of its maritime are paramount for Indonesia.
As the world’s largest archipelagic state and a Party to the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982, Indonesia is committed to ensure safety and security in its waters, including the establishment of Archipelagic Sea Lanes (ASL) I-III to accommodate the movement of vessels in Indonesian waters.
The waters of Indonesia are vast and complex, stretching 6,400,000 km2 from Sabang to Merauke with length of coastline of 108,000 km2. Such vastness requires not only adequate ships and personnel to monitor the day-to-day routines and dynamics at sea, but also information that allows maritime law enforcement agencies (MLEAs) to take actions where and when needed. The complexity of the maritime domain with its unique characteristics and many stakeholders require accurate data and information, not only gathered and analyzed but also disseminated and shared.
THE NEED FOR A NATIONAL MARITIME INFORMATION CENTER
There are around 13 maritime stakeholders in Indonesia with a certain degree of authority to uphold law at sea, adding to domestic maritime situation complexity. Each of these establishments, including the Indonesian Navy (TNI AL), National Police, Bakamla and Ministries have their own command and control and information center. Nevertheless, not one of these government agencies could provide a national comprehensive and holistic picture of the state of Indonesia’s maritime security and safety since available data, information and analyses from stakeholders are not combined by a single national level information center.
Badan Keamanan Laut (Bakamla) or Indonesia Coast Guard (IDNCG) understands the importance of information gathering and sharing on a national level since its establishment under Article 59 para 3 Law No. 32/2014 on the Sea is to “uphold the law in the territorial waters and jurisdictions, especially in carrying out security patrols and safety in the territorial waters and the territorial jurisdiction of Indonesia”.
With the above mentioned responsibilities and the necessity to coordinate with related agencies and ministries, information gathering and sharing is very important for IDNCG. Hence, not only will an information center gather and analyze, it will also disseminate information and analysis to stakeholders, both domestic and abroad. This is also important to ensure that stakeholders in the national, regional and global levels receive accurate information on Indonesia’s maritime security and safety to assist in their day-to-day activities at sea. Moreover, the center would further cooperation among regional maritime security agencies. Last but not least, it reflects Indonesia’s commitment to safeguard its maritime domain and ensure Indonesia’s national interests in the maritime.
INDONESIA MARITIME INFORMATION CENTER
Therefore, IDNCG launches Indonesia Maritime Information Center or IMIC on 22 July 2020 as part of its authority stated in Article 63 para 1(c) Law Number 32/2014 on the Sea, which is to “integrate information systems security and safety in the territorial waters of Indonesia and the Indonesian jurisdiction”. This was then strengthened with Article 4 para 1(C) Presidential Decree Number 178/2014 on Bakamla. IMIC aims to provide accurate and timely maritime security and safety information in the Indonesian waters to maritime stakeholders through periodic and routine reports as well as a dedicated website by gathering and analyzing maritime security and safety information from maritime stakeholders, both national and abroad.
IMIC Vision and Mission
IMIC was establish with the vision to realize continuously monitored surveillance and monitoring of Indonesian waters.
In order to achieve its vision, IMIC’s missions are:
a. to develop system monitoring capacity and capability.
b. to integrate national system monitoring.
c. to establish information sharing network with regional and global maritime information agencies.
IMIC Core Value
In conducting its work, IMIC personnel holds the following core values:
IMIC Organizational Structure
IMIC Purpose and Objectives
As Indonesia’s center for maritime information, IMIC was developed with the maritime law enforcement agencies (MLEAs) as well as the users of Indonesian waters in mind. Hence, IMIC’s purposes are as follow:
a. to improve law enforcement at sea capacity and capability.
b. to provide information support to stakeholders.
c. to confirm on reports from regional information agencies.
Moreover, its objectives are:
a. to improve maritime domain awareness.
b. to support the establishment of maritime deterrence in the waters of Indonesia.
Importance of IMIC Establishment
IMIC’s establishment is important in order to:
a. support information sharing among sea users.
b. support law enforcement operations at sea.
c. support maritime studies.
Along with the launch of IMIC, the center publishes its premiere publication; the monthly report. The report provides information on maritime security and safety incidents in the waters of Indonesia during a particular month, with maps, graphics and case details to provide accurate information on Indonesia’s maritime situation
In the near future, IMIC will also publish weekly and annual reports, along with special reports for special maritime security or maritime safety incidents. Furthermore, IMIC will collaborate with other maritime stakeholders to enrich its reports and information sharing, and since IMIC aspires to contribute to maritime security and maritime safety issues, it plans to publish publications on maritime analyses and studies in the future.